Romans 6:10

Wednesday, May 31, 2006

ο R-ASN γαρ CONJ απεθανεν V-2AAI-3S τη T-DSF αμαρτια N-DSF απεθανεν V-2AAI-3S
For that he died he died to sin,
……………………….εφαπαξ ADV
……………………….once for all,
ο R-ASN δε CONJ ζη V-PAI-3S ζη V-PAI-3S τω T-DSM θεω N-DSM
but that he lives he lives to God

I am seriously running out of steam trying to tackle these verses, seeing them verse by verse does come to some repetitive work as Paul builds on it the same message as he concludes his first question of "what then, shall we sin so grace may abound?"

But this particular verse, which should be taken with the previous verse as it gives proof to the last statement of v.9, is simply beautiful in Greek.

ο δε ζη ζη τω θεω
(ho de ze ze to theo)
but that he lives he lives to God

What is significant about v.10, I feel is 2 things: (1) how does Christ die to sin when he is sinless and (2) the significance of εφαπαξ, once and for all.

απεθανεν τη αμαρτια
We died to sin (απεθανομεν τη αμαρτια, v.2) and Christ died to sin once and for all. In his dying to sin, he affected sin by his dying because he bore the penalty of the sins of others. And it doing so, sin has no longer a ruling power over the people.

The quality of εφαπαξ correspond to the fact that Christ is risen and he ζη τω θεω, lives to God. The adverb is also used in:

Heb 7:27: He has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself. (ESV)

Heb 9:12: he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. (ESV)

Heb 9:26: for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. (ESV)

Heb 9:28: so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him. (ESV)

Heb 10:10: And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. (ESV)

1Pet 3:18: For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit. (ESV)


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4 comment(s)

  1. I am seriously running out of steam trying to tackle these verses, seeing them verse by verse does come to some repetitive work

    I bet that's right.

    At least you are close to the "therefore" part! Thanks for keeping this stuff online.

  2. Maeghan,

    Thanks for sharing all of this. I have really enjoyed it, even when it is over my head.

    Sometimes I wonder if we put to much emphasis on the individual words of Paul, assuming that each one was there with extreme purpose. After reading your research, I can certainly see the significance of symantics. I am thankful that my writings aren't scrutinized on this level.

    Good luck and Godspeed on your writing.

    God Bless

  3. codepoke,

    At least you are close to the "therefore" part!

    oh yeah ... thanks for the encouragement :) :)

  4. Doug,
    I did think of that as well, in the sense that when I write, I just write. Couldn't imagine as well my words to be scrutinised by others as we do Paul's. But on the other hand, Paul's word is also God's inspirational word, and on top of it in another altogether different language. Deserve careful study :)